Does tryptophan help prevent seizures?

Blonde Angel

Stalwart
Messages
581
Reaction score
1
Points
88
In some people, it appears the problem may be too much tryptophan crossing blood-brain barrier relative to the other amino acids, BCCAs in particular which are raised by the ketogenic diet. So, too much serotonin may actually be the issue! I've been exploring this issue here:
https://www.facebook.com/thegutclub....1468855972./1432338746791989/?type=3&theater
However, there is benefits to serotonin and its dubbed the "happy chemical".
Amino acids do help keep the brain going its like fuel to a car.. keeping one happy and focussed.
 

Blonde Angel

Stalwart
Messages
581
Reaction score
1
Points
88
I thank Borgolibero and Joan who introduce my project in this very important forum.

The idea born on my results on amino acid anaylisis in blood of epileptic pts: I found all large neutral amino acid (LNAAs) levels to be lower respect controls. Tryptophan (trp) is an LNAAs, it's the only precursor of brain serotonin, and its brain uptake rate depend on trp/LNAA plasmatic ratio. On my data I evaluated 1/3 reduction of trp brain uptake in epileptic pts respect controls. Recently, Chugani by PET demonstred that the brain serotonin synthesis depend on the aumount of trp uptaked in the brain.
To potentiate brain serotonin was wrongly believe to be pro-convulsant, in fact antidepressant SSRIs drug were reported to be pro-convulsants. In '90s our clinical results (Albano C) domenostred SSRIs are anticonvulsants, and in 2005 Jobe wrote tha at low doses, as used as antidpressant drugs, they are anticonvulsants, at higher doses, as used in experimental models, they are pro-convulsants. Jobe have a lot of experience on serotonin and epilepsy and in this paper reported a role of serotonin as brain controller, with the aim to keep isolated bad function neurons. If this controller system fail, these neurons are used in neuronal cyrcuits and epilepsy or depression come out, depending where are localized these bad function neurons.
The original idea was to increase trp/LNAA plasmatic ratio to increase trp brai uptake and brain serotonin synthesis.

starting '70s, a lot of papers reported good anticonvulsive response in animals by trp injections in blood, but clinical studies in humans with oral adminsitration carry out controversial results both in epilepsy and depression.


Gastroenterologic studies reported that free amino acids are not absorbed by intestine, they cross intestinal membrane thanks carrier systems and all LNAAs compete with the same carrier as at BBB. In spite of about 14 million of people using trp, i found only one paper on metabolic fate of trp in humans, but the authors had to inject in blood to see an increase in blood level!
In fact, gastroenerologic studies report that the best way to increase free amino acid plasma levels is by proteins, among them why protein carry out an higher increase, because they don't precipitate in acids of stomach and demolished to peptides freely cross the intestinal membrane.
Unfortnately all protein of our diet have a low trp/LNAA ratio, then they carry out a decreasing in this plasmatic ratio.
I found alpha-lactalbumin, a whey protein of milk, in human milk, too, it have a high trp/LNAA ratio and markus studies reported it able to increase trp/LNAA ratio in blood.
In 2006 started a open study on this protein in 18 drug resistant epileptic pts, the results were very good: 5 don't responder, 7 have an 50% of decreasing of seizures, 4 more of 80% and 2 go free from seizures.
After these results I contacted prof Perucca (Pavia, Italy) vice-president ILAE that help me a lot. Thank to Perucca, prof De Sarro, Catanzaro, tested ALAC on different experimental models, more than 500 animals, more than 1 year of study. These results were very good, also in pilocarpine model (ALAC is effective both in chronic and acute seizures of this model) and they let ALAC to entry in NIH screening tests as new drug.

The De Sarro's results confirmed the need to chronic administrations to have anticonvulsant effect. A single dose was not effective at any dosage, at least 5 days of repeated adminstrations were needed to have anticonvulsant effect, no dose depending in many experimental models.

On the basis of these evidences I start a new idea: to obtain an anticonvulsant effect is not enought increase trp/LNAA ratio, but it have to keep elevated for many days, in this way the neuroendocrine system carry out the stimulation of brain synthesis of neuropeptides, as NPY. Studies on NPY direcly injected in brain of animals showed an high anticonvulsant action, in fact it's named "endogenous anticonvulsant".

Neuroendocrine system link intestinal brain to brain, it's a control system and it give high and sudden response to prolonged stimuli. They are: fasting, as reported in Bible to control seizures, intesinal nutrients as fats, ketogenic diet, triglycerid, expecially medium chain T, the MCT diet, or trp and/or serotonin.

Then, SSRIs surely increase intestinal serotonin before reach brain, many AEDs increase trp and/or serotonin in intestine, and ALAC increase intesinal trp.

The new idea is about the possibility to act on intestine to promote brain synthesis of neuropeptides, as NPY, leptine, norephineprine. All of them are showed to be anticonvulsants and antidepressants.
The mechainsm of action of neuopeptides are different from those of neurotrasmitters, they act on neurogenesys and sinaptogenesys, in this way they make more easy to keep isolated the bad function neurons, in agrrement with Jobe's theory, making new neuronal circuitations in our brain.

It's my opinion more easy use endogenous system to control seizures, by gut-brain axes, than directly act on ionic channels of neurons. Moreover often we lost that any drugs when orally adminsiterd surely act on intestinal brain.
Dr Mainardi..

If you are reading this, here goes with my medical nutritionists explanation in simple terms.
"If you don't have stomach acid, you cant start protein digestion. And if you don't have protein digestion you don't absorb the amino acids.
Start with the proteins and stomach acid in the first step to get glutamine, phenylalanine or tryptophan. From these three amino acids, you make GABA (your calming neurotransmitter) :) or one makes dopa or dopamine or noradrenaline(from phenylalanine) or you make serotonin or melatonin."

All very important neurotransmitters for the brain and if there is no stomach acid its not good.
 

Blonde Angel

Stalwart
Messages
581
Reaction score
1
Points
88
Regarding the topic of tryptophan:

This is information from a Australian nutritionist by the name of Jacqueline Alwill.
She recommends eating a light dinner of lean protein and vegies and avoiding dessert. Large evening meals make the digestive system work when it too needs to rest. Its good to include foods containing tryptophan as part of a balanced diet since it promotes sleep.

Some tryptophan rich foods:
*multigrain breads
*turkey
*banana
*almonds
*cheese
*pumpkin seeds (something I have learned is another potent tryptophan source and helps the body produce melatonin and serotonin)
*goji berries (produces melatonin)
*Dried banana chips(dehydrated bananas are higher in potassium and carbs both snooze happy nutrients)
*Nuts (high in melatonin and tryptophan, rich in the magnesium)

*Note if you are allergic to nuts and or berries please use your discretion in food choices**
 
Last edited:
Top